There are certain times when a B complex vitamin supplement may be beneficial due to a diminished supply from both internal and external sources. These include:
B vitamins are complex and essential to a horse’s health- First Place Feeds have designed a formula to help address the following:
1. Horses on high grain, low forage diets, or those on very poor quality forage.
2. Horses in high stress situations or during extreme exertion (endurance, traveling, racing)
3. Horses with reduced appetite and general poor thrift due to illness or stress.
4. Horses on broad spectrum antibiotics where hindgut bacteria will be compromised.
5. Horses that have poor digestive health such as diarrhea or extreme parasite burden.
6. Very young horses with incomplete gut microflora populations.
7. Geriatric horses with diminished digestive efficacy.
B complex vitamin supplements have shown good results in the field for the performance horse and as an aid to the stress of travel and competition. Seeming to give the horse a natural lift, these supplements have a great following among experienced horse people. Some B vitamins have been studied more than others, and beneficial effects of feeding supplemental sources of these vitamins have been reported both in the academic press and in the field.
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Plays a key role in carbohydrate metabolism; a co-enzyme which supports the change of nutrients into energy. Deficiencies in Vitamin B1 can lead to in-appetence and nervousness
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Supports energy metabolism and production of immune cells
Vitamin B3 (Niacin or Nicotinamide)
Energy transfer in the body
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)
Breakdown of fat and protein synthesis
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Involved in amino acid metabolism, plays a role in haemoglobin production and is an essential factor in energy production
Vitamin B7 (Biotin)
Supports cell integrity
Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)
Cell division and growth. Red blood cell production
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
Promotes red blood cell production; involved in protein metabolism and in the metabolism of fats